STIMELA – A Hugh Masekela Exhibition by Brett Rubin
The seminal Hugh Masekela song Stimela (The Coal Train) forms the basis of this posthumous exhibition celebrating the life and works of Hugh Masekela.
Stimela, with its stark and visceral lyrics is one of the pinnacles of Masekela’s contribution to South African music and culture, and according to Andries Bezuidenhout, a professor of developmental studies at Fort Hare University, reminds everyone that South Africa’s wealth and infrastructure was built on the back of labor from all over Africa. They were the force that modernized the country.
The emergence of modern South Africa came about as a result of the discovery of diamonds and gold, and the need for cheap labor to extract metals from the seams that ran through the Witwatersrand’s rock formations. The exhibition imagines this world so graphically portrayed by Stimela, set in the treacherous conditions of the brutal and dangerous South African migrant labor system that relied so heavily on the coal trains to bring and send back the cheap labor central in the development of Johannesburg’s vast mining and mineral extraction wealth accrued during Apartheid.
Masekela has commented that the “train was South Africa’s first tragedy.” His words express the pain of exploited mineworkers, and the separation and loss of family members who sometimes never returned home from work as a result of death or finding another loved one. According to Johannesburg-based art historian and writer Percy Mabandu, ‘Stimela is an ominous delineation of the dramas of economic displacement in all their dreaded glory. In Masekela’s languid libretto, the train is a cold and monstrous thing. He links it to the loss of land, home and livestock for the migrant mineworkers. By the time Masekela reaches for his horn to serve his melodic statement, the song begins to shore up the coal train as the handmaiden of the colonial assault. A lamentation!’
Born in the coal-mining town of Witbank (now Emalahleni – place of coal), a hundred miles east of Johannesburg, Masekela’s hometown harbored a large conglomeration of migrant laborer’s from Angola, Mozambique, Malawi and many other parts of Southern Africa.
During his childhood, Masekela’s Grandmother ran a Shebeen where miners would spend their weekends drinking and telling their miserable stories of the underground life in the mines.
Years later, Hugh Masekela transformed their stories into the compelling ‘Stimela’.
This was a story of cheap labor demands and the intervention of colonial administrations and armies across southern and Central Africa. They dispossessed pastoralists of their land and imposed hut and poll taxes on traditional leaders so that Johannesburg could be supplied with the much needed “Black Gold”, as journalist-activist Ruth First once described the migrant-labor system.
Stimela describes what’s on the minds of mining recruits on a steam train as it makes its way to Johannesburg.
For Masekela, writing “Stimela” must have been, in part, a reflection on his own life and the pain and sacrifices endured during a lengthily exile.
(b. 1939 Witbank, South Africa – d. 2018)
Born in the small mining town of Witbank, South Africa on April 4, 1939, Hugh Ramapolo Masekela was “bewitched” by music at an early age. Convinced that the musicians were contained in his uncle Putu’s 78rpm gramophone, Hugh took piano lessons at 5, received his first trumpet in 1954, and more famously, a week after his seventeenth birthday, received a trumpet from Louis Armstrong. Apprenticing his way through the South African music scene from the Father Huddleston Jazz Band, to playing as sideman in many of the great bands of the day, becoming bandleader of Alfred Herbert’s famed African Jazz & Variety, copyist (with trombonist Jonas Gwangwa), and trumpeter with the groundbreaking South African jazz opera King Kong; trumpeter, along with revered South African alto saxophonist Kippie Moeketsi and Jonas Gwangwa, on American jazz pianist’s Johnny Mehegan’s South African Gallo sides Jazz In Africa (volumes 1 & 2), and later, with Kippie Moeketsi, Jonas Gwangwa and Abdullah Ibrahim (then Dollar Brand), Johnny Gertze and Makhaya Ntshoko, forming and recording South Africa’s first all-African bebop band The Jazz Epistles – Jazz Epistle: Verse 1.
After leaving, South Africa Hugh Masekela began his schooling at the Manhattan School of Music in September of 1960. In 1968 he recorded the million-seller LP The Promise Of A Future, which featured the chart-topping mbaqanga tune “Grazing In The Grass”. In 1973 Masekela embarked on an African cultural excursion which would produce such songs as “Ashiko”, “The Boy’s Doin It”, “In The Marketplace”, “Soweto Blues” and the anthemic ‘Stimela’.
In 1987 he recorded and released the Mandela-inspired anthem ‘Bring Him Back Home’, and participated as a featured artist, along with Ladysmith Black Mambazo and Miriam Makeba on the triumphant global Paul Simon Graceland Tour. Later that year, he would be musical director on the smash Broadway musical Sarafina!.
In September of 1990 he returned to South Africa, after thirty long years, whereupon he embarked on the countrywide homecoming Sekunjalo tour. Masekela continued to perform locally, on the African continent, and throughout the global music circuit. Beloved the world-over from Stockholm to Senegal, Hugh Masekela passed on from this life on January 23, 2018.
HUGH MASEKELA HERITAGE FOUNDATION
(Founded in 2015)
Founded by Mr. Hugh Masekela in 2015 the Foundation is a registered Non-profit Company – NPC 2015/241347/08
The Hugh Masekela Heritage Foundation exists to preserve and promote African heritage and contribute to the restoration of African Identity.
From his birth to his passing Hugh Masekela’s most ardent passion was the restoration, promotion and evolution of African identity, heritage and culture. The Hugh Masekela Heritage Foundation is an expression of that passion, that legacy, through the creation of cultural information facilities, the support and incubation of heritage arts, and the dissemination of this information and cultural inheritance throughout the African Diaspora and the world. The Foundation’s specific focus is in the areas of African History and Languages, Genealogy, Inter-generational Communication, Music, Dance, Theatre, Literature, Visual and Culinary Arts.
Rubin (b. 1982 in Johannesburg) holds an Honours graduate degree in Film, Media & Visual Studies from the University of Cape Town (2005).
Working and assisting as a photographer in various industries, he opened a photographic studio in Cape town in 2007 until 2010. He relocated to Johannesburg in the same year and continued to work as an independent photographer.
In 2012 Rubin was appointed the official photographer for jazz icon Hugh Masekela until Masekela’s passing in 2018. Highlights of this period include photographing the final two Hugh Masekela album covers, directing two music videos (one a tribute to photographer Alf Kumalo); and having a portrait of Masekela included in the Carnegie Hall collection.
Rubin continues to consult and work closely with the Hugh Masekela Heritage Foundation.